All fallen beings, not even excluding the devil and his angels, have been chosen by God to enjoy eternal life in communion with God. [Prayer] Father, we thank Thee for the teaching of the word of God. A study of God's major judgments (e.g., the flood and the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah) shows that the Old Testament focuses on premature death when dealing with the fate of the ungodly, not on life after death. These Christians point to biblical references to eternal punishment, as well as eternal elements of this punishment, such as the unquenchable fire, the everlasting shame, the "worm" that never dies, and the smoke that rises forever, as consistent with the traditional doctrine of eternal, conscious torment of the non-believers or sinners in hell. So, again, universalism really doesn’t work, does it? One of the major doctrines of this apostate faction was the belief that unbelievers will remain eternally dead. Hell is a place of darkness reserved, not annihilation. But I don’t feel very free to do that. 20:12-13). On the other hand, Clark Pinnock, a well known evangelical professor of systematic theology, used to be at New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, was my predecessor some time a few years back at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, now is teaching in Canada, he is a Canadian, very highly respected evangelical. A sober look at the eternal torment of those who reject Jesus Christ as Savior. Consider the following: While it may be granted that the faithful survive the death of the body, does that premise hold true for the lost? But conditional immortality is more moral than simple annihilation. Paul describes the fate of the lost as suffering “the punishment of eternal destruction” ( 2 Thess. Are not all fallen men in Adam?” And all of us who are orthodox must answer “Yes, that’s right.” “Even so by the righteousness of one (of course, the reference is to Christ) the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.” So, if all men refers to all who have fallen in Adam and all without exception have fallen in Adam, then are we not forced to say that all men have received a free gift from Christ to justification of life? And some people who have read Mr. Fudge’s book are very much persuaded by it. Because Jehovah is holy, he cannot simply overlook sin as if it does not exist (Hab. 10-11). ... Edward Fudge, author of the "The Fire that Consumes" sums up the history of how the doctrine of eternal concience torment in hell was established in the Church. Nothing is requisite for its maintenance but the admission of three cardinal truths of theism, namely, that there is a just God; that man had free will; and that sin is … If it is so wrong how can it possibly be that Jesus and the apostles did not show some of the same zeal that they’re showing in denouncing the orthodox doctrine. - Cyril J. Barbe Now, in Acts chapter 3 and verse 21 when Peter is preaching after the healing of the lame man, I’m sure you remember that in preaching in the city of Jerusalem he told them that if the nation responded to the message and turned to the Lord even after the death and resurrection of our Lord and even after the coming of the Holy Spirit, even after in a sense this age is on its way from the day of Pentecost on, there was opportunity for Israel to reverse things by faith in the risen Christ. But that ultimately at the final judgement after he has suffered in measure to his sin, he will be annihilated made extinct, exist no longer. He suggests, “the doctrine [of endless punishment] is not only Biblical, but rational It is defensible on the basis of sound ethics and pure reason. He’s shaking his head. Jehovah’s Witnesses and the Doctrine of the Deity of Jesus Christ. Each of these terms suggests consciousness. Conditional immortality does not teach that a person is annihilated immediately after he dies, but is rather only annihilated at the last judgement which will occur at the end of time. And so, I can’t satisfy my curiosity. Two principal theories have been advanced in opposition to this church doctrine of eternal punishment. So, the words that our Lord uses have to be adjusted to that.” In other words, the punishment is temporal. Transcription from tape 3. Access date: December 21, 2020. https://www.christiancourier.com/articles/95-the-doctrine-of-eternal-punishment. Now, over in 1 Peter chapter 3 – I didn’t refer to this last week because I want to give you something new every week – 1 Peter chapter 3, verse 18 through verse 20 we have another text that has sometimes been used by universalists to suggest that everybody is going to be saved. They died spiritually. And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you: Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began.”. And you will deceive even those who have some knowledge of Scripture. And in chapter 5, verse 18 – by the way, sometime I want to give a message or two on the subject of why it was gracious of God to deal with us representatively. 2:2). Now, the expression in verse 21, “The times of the restitution of all things,” has been taken by some to be a reference to universal salvation. As a matter of fact, one might ask a question “Is there here a slur on the character of our Lord? But we especially give Thee thanks for the great teacher, the Holy Spirit, who opens our minds to see the Scriptures in their true light and then by the grace of God gives us the enablement to in measure at least fulfill them. And of the things I have selected that we may weigh upon our spirits is what seems to me to be the single most important feature of the biblical teaching in this area, and it is t… But, finally, everybody is extinguished and there is no difference. Well, one cannot hardly answer that. If his denial is the truth, he needs no salvation. But while everybody is in Adam, not everybody is in Christ. Pepperdine University invited Fudge to present his “conditionalist” doctrine at the 1991 spring lectureship. That is why the Father gave his Son as a sacrifice for sin—that he might remain just, and yet be a justifier of those who obey Christ (cf. Historically, the major Christian denominations have taught that those who die outside of Christ will suffer eternal punishment in hell. 12:47-48; Heb. But anyway, John died first and so Elizabeth made arrangements to have contact with him. If 10% of the earth's people believed on Jesus Christ then the remaining 144 billion must consequently spend eternity being punished. But if you just look at the preceding verse he says, “For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one (that’s Adam); much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.” So, in the preceding verse it is stated that in order for the justification of life to come to all men there must be a reception of it. And so, Peter preaches the gospel to the nation Israel and its leaders gathered still in the city of Jerusalem and offers them salvation through the Lord Jesus Christ and promises that the times of the restitution of all things spoken out by the prophets shall be fulfilled if they, as the nation, turn to him. And in verse 17 of chapter 3, Peter says, “And now, brethren, I know that through ignorance ye did it, as did also your rulers. 2:4). After all, if you’re going to propound an error, the best way to find acceptance for it is to put it in the words of the Scriptures. There are numerous figures of speech in the New Testament that are designed to stress both the conscious nature of hell’s punishment and its abiding duration. He thus does not possess a “soul” (or “spirit”) that will inhabit eternity. The biblical doctrine of eternal punishment is as clear as teaching can be. What are dogs and cats and animals punished for? Genesis 1:26-27; Matthew 5:22; 1 Thessalonians 5; Matthew 10:28; 1 Peter 3:4; Revelation 6; Psalm 116:3; Jonah 2:2; Daniel 12:2; Matthew 25:46; 2 Thessalonians 1:9; Matthew 25:41; Mark 9:48; Matthew 25:30; Revelation 19:15; 1 John 4:8; Psalm 145:9; Ephesians 2:4; Genesis 18:25; 2 Peter 3:9; Romans 9:22; Acts 13:46; Habakkuk 1:13; Psalm 89:14; Revelation 16:5; Romans 3:24-26; Hebrews 5:8-9; Matthew 10:15, 11:20-24; Luke 12:47-48; Hebrews 10:29; Revelation 20:12-13, Jackson, Wayne. Publication date 1886 Publisher Scribner Collection americana Digitizing sponsor Google Book from the collections of Harvard University Language English. It also teaches that unbelievers will bear just punishment after death, as I’ve mentioned. Another thing, the spiritually dead are described in Scripture as conscious. And, of course, it’s better than annihilationism per se because it insists that there should be some punishment for those who are lost, for the unbelievers, but that ultimately at the last judgement they will be destroyed and come to nothing. Now, that reference to “made alive” is a reference to quickening. The strongest support of the doctrine of Endless Punishment is the teaching of Christ, the Redeemer of man. Now, let’s come to conditional immortality. Lord, deliver us and at the same time give us the earnestness and the zeal to proclaim the message concerning…. Now, it is more moral than universalism. Some people think it’s not a legitimate motive. Is Eternal Punishment Contrary to God’s Love and Justice? But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled. In Jesus’ name. Also telling is the fate of the Beast in Revelation. Of course, no one complains that eternal happiness is unjust in the case of those who have served God only briefly on this earth. And suffering belongs to consciousness. Shedd, one of the finest of the Christian theologians, has some very strong words to say about eternal punishment and the denial of it in various forms. So, if we are to say that the love of God is such that we cannot think of the fires of hell as really expressive of the character of God, it’s not simply a slur on preachers who preach hellfire and damnation. And there have been, down through the years, some who have sought to show that the Scriptures teach this. But yet, that would be a strange doctrine to hold, wouldn’t it? The resurrection had not transpired. But 1 Corinthians chapter 15 and verse 22 says much the same thing as Romans 5. Moreover, when all factors are taken into consideration, the problem is not insurmountable. Biblically Dispelling the Myth of Eternal Torture . 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